NO-AGRESSION: In this section, the most sensitive of the overall agreement, both sides agreed to make a joint statement on non-aggressiveness. As confidence-building measures, countries must warn in advance against troop movements and exercises and set up a hotline between chief military commanders. The agreement will prove really important in the long run, Western diplomats said here, if its principles are put into practice – for example, if communist North Korea allows its citizens to exchange more directly with people and information from capitalist countries, or if Pyongyang and Seoul actually implement measures such as prenoting troop movements. North and South Korea today issued a joint statement expressing broad support for the peninsula`s nuclear weapons ban and scheduled meetings at the end of this month to discuss the issue. The pact, reached on Thursday after late-night talks, was described as a “historic milestone” by South Korean government spokesman Lee Dong Bok. “I think we will see a very different context for inter-Korean relations after this agreement comes into force,” he said. Representatives of the North Korean and South Korean governments involved in the negotiations clearly enjoyed a sense of mutual joy, fought behind their backs and welcomed the news on Thursday that an agreement had been reached. “I feel very relieved and deeply moved,” Lee told South Korean reporters. Article 22Alpending on the implementation of the Exchange and Cooperation Agreement in the economic, cultural and other fields, the two sides set up joint commissions for certain sectors within three (3) months after this agreement came into force, including a joint committee for economic exchange and cooperation between the South and the North. NUCLEAR INSPECTIONS: The sensitive issues of nuclear development or nuclear use will be considered by a joint military committee that will be formed within one month of the agreement`s entry into force.
Article 16The two parties exchange and collaborate in various fields, such as science and technology, education, literature and the arts, health, sport, the environment, publishing and journalism, including newspapers, radio and television broadcasts and publications. After months of diplomatic talks between the governments of North and South Korea, government officials announced yesterday that the two sides had agreed to their first non-aggression agreement in more than 45 years of hostility. Here are the highlights of the reconciliation agreement, as officials said during discussions with prime ministers in Seoul. Article 8 BIS The South-North Political Committee is established as part of the South-North High-Level Talks within (1) months of this agreement coming into force to discuss concrete measures to ensure the implementation and compliance of south-north reconciliation agreements. In the section on exchange and cooperation, the two sides agreed that they would “allow free correspondence, meetings and visits between family members and other relatives dispersed to the South and North.” SEOUL, DEZ. 13 (FRIDAY) — North and South Korea today signed an agreement that promises non-aggression and exchanges of people and communications, an achievement that is seen as an important step toward healing the bitter hostility that has divided their peninsula since the end of World War II. The agreement contains provisions for cultural and economic exchanges, as well as measures to prevent involuntary hostilities, including prior notification of major military movements and the establishment of a military emergency number. The agreement calls for the creation, within three months, of a joint military committee that “will take steps to build military confidence and implement arms reductions.” The agreement does not formally end the state of war between the two sides, which has existed since the 1953 Korean War ceasefire, nor the highly controversial issue