In this regard, important developments have taken place in the United States of America since the mid-2000s. This period was mainly referred to as the “shale gas boom or revolution” and the growth in natural gas production in the United States through shale gas extraction led to a sharp decline in domestic natural gas prices. States, as well as local and regional institutions, have different and sometimes contradictory views on the issue of unconventional energy sources, especially shale gas and shale oil. A Planning Performance Agreement (ECA) is a project management tool that allows planning authorities and applicants to jointly agree on timelines, actions and resources for processing planning requests. The agreement can cover all stages of the process, from pre-application interviews to the preparation of the construction application. A ECA can be particularly useful in establishing an efficient and transparent process for identifying large and complex planning requests, providing all stakeholders with greater security with respect to timelines and responsibilities. The main challenge of this report has been to offer a passionate perspective on these aspects in order to make informed decisions on issues related to shale gas activities. At the same time, some European countries have decided to ban the production of shale oil and shale gas on their territories or to ban the use of their main production technique, namely hydraulic fracturing. This is important in deciding whether or not shale gas exploration and exploitation should be carried out and what the framework for these activities should be, regardless of whether shale gas is already extracted in some countries and planned in others. PPA Slate Proposal June 2019 48.46 KB – DOCX Agreement.
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