The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Withdrawal Agreement in Northern Ireland.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments amend about 5% of the text The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.  The Declaration on The Future Relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration that was negotiated and signed at the same time as the UK`s (UK) compulsory withdrawal agreement from the European Union (EU), commonly known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. 1.
The “common provisions” part of the agreement (Articles 1 to 8) mainly include provisions relating to the implementation, application and interpretation of the agreement. 4. The following part (Articles 126-132) contains provisions relating to the transition period that extends to the end of 2020 and is necessary to move from withdrawal to future relations. The transitional period involves extending the application of existing EU legislation. The only important exception is that Britain will no longer be part of the EU`s institutions and bodies and will no longer participate in EU decision-making. 6. The part of the institutional and final provisions (Articles 158-185) contains rules to ensure uniform interpretation and application of the agreement. In addition, a joint commission and dispute resolution procedure will be put in place to manage the agreement.
This section also sets out the objective that the parties will do everything in their power to reach agreement on their future relations before the end of the transition period. On 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom left the European Union, 47 years after joining the European Economic Community. We are now in a “transition phase” in terms of our relations with the EU. This period will run until 31 December 2020, in accordance with the withdrawal agreement reached in October 2019 between the UK and the EU.